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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 1996;20(2):2.
Normal Cervical and Lumbar Range of Motion and Influence of Age
Chang Il Park, M.D., You Chul Kim, M.D., Ji Cheol Shin, M.D., Deog Young Kim, M.D., Yong Wook Kim, M.D. , Chul Kim, M.D.*
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Research Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine and *Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Inje University College of Medicine
정상 성인의 경추, 요추 운동범위 및 연령에 따른 영향
박창일, 김유철, 신지철, 김덕용, 김용욱, 김철*
연세대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실, 연세대학교 의과대학 재활의학연구소 및 인제대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실*

It is difficult to estimate the range of motion(ROM) of the cervical and lumbar spine because the spinal region consists of multiple small, inaccessible segments unlike the simple extremity hinge joints. However Knowing the normal range of motion is important in evaluating the disability and the reposonse to treatment. Generally, normal ROM values represented by American Medical Association & American Academy Of Surgeons have been clinically used, but the age factor was not considered in those values. The purpose of this study was ⸁ to determine the normal values of cervical, lumbar ROM of healthy volunteers aged from 13 to 69 years by using gravity & magnetic goniometer; ⸂ to determine the age and gender differences on the ROM; ⸃ to examine the interrater and intrarater reliability of measurements; and ⸄ to compare our clinical measurements with the radiological measurements. Our measurement techniques demonstrated high correlation with the radiologic values with good interrater and intrarater reliabilities. All ROM values decreased significantly with age, however, gender was not a factor.

Key Words: Cervical spine, Lumbar spine, Range of motion, Goniometer


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