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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 2004;28(2):151-156.
Effects of the Proprioceptive Exercises on Isokinetic Strength and Postural Control.
Jeong, Soon Tak , Hwang, Ji Hye , Jae, Sae Young , Park, Won Hah , Kim, Hyeon Sook , Lee, Yong Taek
1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea. hwanglee@smc.smsung.co.kr
2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea.
3Department of Sports Medicine, Clinic, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea.
고유수용성 감각 증진운동이 균형 능력 및 근력의 향상에 미치는 효과
정순탁, 황지혜, 제세영2, 박원하1, 김현숙, 이용택
성균관대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실, 1정형외과학교실, 2스포츠의학실
Abstract
Objective
To investigate the effects of lower extremity proprioceptive training on postural control and strength of the knee and ankle muscles.
Method
Twenty-two healthy subjects (age 27⁑4 yrs) were randomly assigned to a training (TRN, n=11) or a control (CTL, n=11) group. TRN group participated in the dominant leg proprioceptive training that was performed on a balance board and mini-trampoline without strength training for 6 weeks. All subjects were evaluated for leg muscle strength and postural sway using the isokinetic device and force platform before and after the training. Assessed parameters were 1) concentric and eccentric strength of knee flexor/ extensor and concentric strength of ankle plantar flexor/dorsiflexor and invertor/evertor 2) the standard deviation of the postural sway with eyes open or closed.
Results
Statistically significant improvements in both medial-lateral and anterior-posterior parameters of postural sway with eyes closed were observed after training in TRN group (p<0.05) compared to CTL group. But no significant changes in any isokinetic strength parameters were observed after training in TRN group.
Conclusion
The proprioceptive exercises that we used could improve one-leg balance without significant strength gain after 6 weeks training. (J Korean Acad Rehab Med 2004; 28: 151-156)
Key Words: Proprioceptive training, Postural control, Muscle strength


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