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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 1996;20(1):7.
Quantitative Evaluation of Dysphagia in Hemiplegic Patients
한태륜, 김진호, 백남종, 임정훈, 정준기*, 한준구** Tai Ryoon Han, M.D., Jin Ho Kim, M.D., Nam Jong Paik, M.D., Jeong Hoon Lim, M.D., Jun Kee Jeong, M.D.* and Jun Ku Han, M.D.**
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine*, Department of Diagnostic Radiology**, Seoul National University College of Medicine
편마비 환자에서의 연하곤란의 정량적 평가
서울대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실, 핵의학교실* 및 진단방사선과학교실**
Abstract

This study was designed to estimate the chronologic difference of the pharyngeal transit time (PTT) between aspirating hemiplegics and non-aspirating ones, and to find out the most effective tool and the condition (position, diet) in the measurement of PTT, and lastly, to evaluate diagnostic validity of each tool in detection of aspiration. We measured PTT of 36 hemiplegics by videofluoroscopy, scintigraphy and swallowing electromyography. PTT was measured in three kinds of chin position (neutral, chin up, chin down) and two kinds of diet (fluid, soft blend diet), and the presence of aspiration to trachea was monitored through fluoroscopic images. The results were as follows; PTT was longer in aspirating group than non-aspirating group(p<0.05). Videofluoroscopy perfomed with fluid and scintigraphy performed with soft blend diet in chin-neutral position were most effective in the measurement of PTT (p<0.01), and these tools were more sensitive than conventional fluoroscopy in detection of aspiration in hemiplegics (p<0.05).

Key Words: Pharyngeal transit time, Hemiplegic, Aspiration, Position, Diet


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