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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 2000;24(1):65-71.
Proper Facilitation Technique for Bilateral Motor Evoked Potentials by Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation.
Han, Tai Ryoon , Kim, Jin Ho , Lim, Jae Young
1Department of rehabilitation medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine.
2Hwasung Health Center.
자기자극에 의한 반대측 및 동측 운동유발전위
한태륜, 김진호, 임재영1
서울대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실, 1화성군 보건소
Abstract

Objective
To identify the existence of ipsilateral responses by magnetic stimulation, and to elucidate the influences of ipsilateral tonic contraction on bilateral MEP responses, and to attain the proper facilitation technique for bilateral MEP responses.


Method
Ten normal healthy volunteers who were right handed, were recruited. They performed the voluntary contraction of thenar muscle via lateral prehension with three stage, contralateral, bilateral, ipsilateral contraction by 70 mm bipolar coil stimulator (figure-of-eight shaped). The excitability threshold (ET) at rest was determined, and then, three facilitation techniques with combination of both voluntary contraction and stimulus intensity were also performed: A technique, minimal facilitation (10% of MVC) with ET intensity; B technique, moderate facilitation (30% of MVC) with 110% of ET intensity; C technique, minimal facilitation (10% of MVC) with 140% of ET intensity. Contralateral, bilateral and ipsilateral voluntary contractions were performed in each technique. In 90 mm circular coil stimulator, same procedure as above was followed.


Results
There were no differences of ET between the two coil stimulators. Ipsilateral MEP responses were not detected after bipolar coil stimulation except one case in C technique, but they were developed over 70% in B and C technique with ipsilateral muscle contraction. However, only 2 cases of ipsilateal responses could be detected in C technique, and not detected in A and B technique. The latency of ipsilateral responses were similar to that of contralateral responses, but the amplitude was much lower than that of contralateral responses. Ipsilateral muscle contraction reduced the amplitude of contralateral MEP in moderate facilitation (B technique). Especially, ipsilateral response was never evoked in B technique with contralateral contraction.


Conclusion
In normal subjects, ipsilateral MEPs can't be obtained in focal magnetic stimulation. Ipsilateral tonic contractions are regarded as reducing facilitative effects of contralateral MEP responses. Bilateral responses should be attained when contralateral target muscle is contracted with moderate facilitation (30% of MVC and 110% of threshold intensity). In this facilitation, the stimulation by circular coil is no less effective than focal stimulation by 70 mm bipolar.

Key Words: Motor evoked potentials, Transcranial magnetic stimulation, Ipsilateral, Contralateral


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