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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 2002;26(3):285-291.
Functional Recovery of Patients with Traumatic Central Cord Syndrome.
Lim, Seong Hoon , Ko, Young Jin , Shin, Ji Nam , Kang, Sae Yoon , Moon, Seungguk , Kim, Jong Hyun
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea.
외상성 중심성 척수 증후군 환자의 기능적 회복
임성훈, 고영진, 신지남, 강세윤, 문승국, 김종현
가톨릭대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실
Abstract

Objective
The aim of this study was to identify factors influencing the degree of neurological injury, show the natural course of recovery, and evaluate the relationship between degree of neurological injury and functional recovery from traumatic central cord syndrome.


Method
We reviewed 15 patients retrospectively and investigated their demographic and treatment data. Initial ASIA motor scales and functional recovery at 4 weeks and 8 weeks after injury were analyzed.


Results
The age of patients showed significant correlation with degree of neurological injury (r=⁣0.55145, p<0.05) while mechanism of injury, surgical intervention and gender difference showed no correlation. Only 2 patients (13.3%) ambulated independently at initial period but subsequently 13 patients (86.7%) at 8 weeks. The number of patients who independently voided increased from 2 (13.3%) to 11 (73.3%) during the 8 weeks. Early ASIA motor score differed significantly according to the degree of functional recovery of bladder and ambulation in 4 weeks, 8 weeks after injury (p<0.05).


Conclusion
Only the age of patients related to the initial neurologic severity. Most patients regained their bladder and ambulatory functions considerably within 8 weeks, and the degree of early neurological injury by ASIA motor scale reflected the degree of functional recovery in 4 and 8 weeks after injury. (J Korean Acad Rehab Med 2002; 26: 285-291)

Key Words: Traumatic central cord syndrome, Spinal cord injury, Bladder function, Ambulation, Recovery


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