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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 2003;27(5):667-674.
Development of Computer-assisted Memory Rehabilitation Programs for the Treatment of Memory Dysfunction in Patients with Brain Injury.
Kim, Yun Hee , Jang, Eun Hye , Lee, Sang Jin , Park, Ji Won , Ko, Myoung Hwan , Park, Sung Hee , Shin, Seoung Hun , Kim, Yun Ki
1Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Korea. yunkim@smc.samsung.co.kr
2Center for Clinical Research of Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Korea.
3Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Pochon CHA University College of Medicine, Korea.
4Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Chonbuk National University College of Medicine, Korea.
5Departemte of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Masan Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea.
기억력 훈련을 위한 컴퓨터 인지치료프로그램의 개발
김연희, 장은혜, 이상진1, 박지원, 고명환2, 박성희2, 신승훈2, 김윤기3
성균관의대 삼성서울병원 재활의학교실 및 임상의학연구센터, 1포천중문의대 재활
Abstract
Objective
To develope the computer-assisted memory rehabilitation programs and to assess the effect of these programs in the patients with brain injury.


Method
Ten memory training programs, which included verbal/non-verbal, sequential/ non-sequential, and visual/auditory memory properties were designed and converted to the computer program using C-language. The training program included various aspects of memory such as spatial memory, sequential verbal and nonverbal recall, associated recall, categorical memory, and integrated semantic memory. Each program used familiar pictures and sounds in our living situation to give the patients comfortable feelings and interests. Seven patients with brain injury were trained using the computer-assisted memory program 3 times per week for 4 weeks. All patients were assessed their cognitive function using Seoul Computerized Neuropsychological Test (Maxmedica) before and 1 month after the treatment.


Results
Ten computer-associated memory training programs using C-language were successfully developed. The patients who were trained with computer-assisted memory programs showed higher performances in forward digit span, backward digit span, backward visual span, verbal learning, visual controlled continuous performance, auditory controlled continuous performance, and finger tapping tests after than before the treatment.


Conclusion
The computer-assisted memory training can be used as an additional tool for memory rehabilitation in patients with brain injury.

Key Words: Brain injury, Cognitive rehabilitation, Computer-assisted memory training


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