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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 2005;29(1):109-118.
Effect of Characteristics of Joint Motion of Lower Extremity according to Aging on Balance in Elderly.
Woo, Young Keun , Hwang, Ji Hye , An, Juha , Park, Heedong , Kim, Yun Hee , Lee, Peter KW , Kim, Nam Gyun
1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Samsung Medical Center & Center for Clinical Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea. hwanglee@smc.samsung.co.kr
2Bioengineering Research Center for the Aged, Chonbuk National University, Korea.
노인에서 나이에 따른 하지 관절 운동 범위의 특성이 균형에 미치는 영향
우영근, 황지혜, 안주하, 박희동, 김연희, 이강우, 김남균1
성균관대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실 및 임상의학연구소, 1전북대학교 생체정보공학부
To investigate the effect and the correlation of characteristics of joint motion of lower extremity according to aging on balance in elderly.
There were thirty nine healthy elderly subjects aged 60 and older. The subjects were divided into 3 groups by their age. Each group was measured with joint motion of bilateral lower extremities by goniometer. The subjects were evaluated with clinical balance tests [(Berg balance scale (BBS), Functional reach test (FRT), Tinetti's performance oriented mobility assessment (POMA), and one leg standing (OLS)].
The flexibilities of lower extremities were decreased according to the increase in age. The balanceability was also decreased according to the increase in age by tested clinical balance scores. The flexibility of the ankle joints showed the strongest correlation with clinical balance scores (BBS, FRT, POMA and OLS) according to the increase in age, and the flexibility of hip joints also correlated with clinical balance scores (POMA and OLS).
Among clinically validated balance tests, the decline of balance performance related with aging. Correlation exists between ankle ROM and balance in healthy elderly people. Additional research is needed to add the ankle ROM to reflect the excise for balance tests and balance ability. (J Korean Acad Rehab Med 2005; 29: 109-118)
Key Words: Balance tests, Elderly, Range of motion


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